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Minerals Composition of Chrozophora Oblongifolia Seeds in Kordofan, Region, Sudan
Current Issue
Volume 6, 2019
Issue 1 (March)
Pages: 6-9   |   Vol. 6, No. 1, March 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 54   Since May 9, 2019 Views: 315   Since May 9, 2019
Authors
[1]
Suleiman Ibrahim Abaker Abdalgader, Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[2]
Adam Ismail Ahmed, Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
Abstract
The present research was conducted to study the minerals content of Chrozophora Oblongifolia seeds. The fresh seeds samples were procured from North and West kordofan, regions, Sudan. The minerals content of samples were measured according to the standard methods, using the Shimadzu ICPE-9820 multi-type ICP atomic emission spectrometer. The results found that the concentrations for P, Ca, Na, Fe, Al, Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd from North Kordofan seeds were 5.95, 2.5, 1.42, 1.93, 1.64, 0.766, 0.26, 0.012 and 0.002mg/100g, and that of West Kordofan seeds were 6.01, 2.37, 3.13, 0.71, 0.15, 0.06, 0.04, 0.009 and 0.001 mg/100g, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that the concentrations of P, Ca, Pb and Cd were significantly (p ≤0.05) differences found between North and West Kordofan seeds, while Na, Fe, Al, Zn and Cu there were no significant (p ≤0.05) differences found between samples of the two different locations. The concentrations of Ca, Fe, Al, Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd from North Kordofan seeds were higher than that of West Kordofan seeds, while sodium and phosphorus were higher in West Kordofan than that of North Kordofan. Phosphorus was the predominant macro element in the seeds followed by calcium and sodium. These results were showed a noticeable sensibly great amount content of phosphorus and calcium, and there were a vital part in building stronger, denser bones early in life and keeping bones and teeth solid and healthy later in our life. The study showed low concentration of trace elements i.e. Cu, Al and Zn. Also the results showed existence of trace amount for toxic elements such as lead and cadmium in Chrozophora Oblongifolia seeds. Regarding the stated limits of lead and cadmium for oilseeds were 0.1mg/kg (0.01 mg/100g), therefore the Chrozophora Oblongifolia seeds analyzed in present investigation can be considered as safe food for human’s consumption.
Keywords
Chrozophora Oblongifolia, Kordofan, Minerals, Oilseeds, Toxic Element
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