Factors Associated with Food Insecurity among the Elderly in Nsit Ubuim Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
The study investigated the factors associated with food insecurity among the elderly persons in Nsit Ubium Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Four research questions answered in the study were: What are the socioeconomic characteristics of the elderly? What is food insecurity status of the Elderly in the study area? What is the level of food insecurity among the elderly in the local government area? What are the factors influencing food insecurity status of the elderly in the area? Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised all the elderly persons in Nsit Ubium L. G. A. out of whom a convenience sample of One Hundred and Sixty (160) was selected by purposive sampling method to participate in the study. A structured questionnaire titled Food Insecurity among the Elderly Questionnaire (FIAEQ) which contained researcher developed questions and questions adapted and reviewed from Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) was used for data collection. The data collected were analyzed using both inferential and descriptive statistical tools such as frequency, percentages and means. Results revealed that majority of the elderly were severely food insecure. The study identified poverty, physical impairment, lack of potable water, health problems, lack of assistance in ADL, depression, and isolation as factors contributing to food insecurity among the elderly. Based on the findings, the study recommended among others that family members should be more alive to their responsibility of providing filial support to elderly parents/members, while the government should improve the welfare of the elderly by instituting schemes such as social security, free medical treatment, and poverty alleviation programs.
Elderly, Food, Poverty, Insecurity, Status, Nigeria
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