Effect of Crossing Fulani Ecotype with Rhode Island Red Chickens on Growth Performance and Reproductive Traits in Southern Guinea Savanna Region of Nigeria
The study evaluated the crossing potential of Fulani ecotype (FE) with Rhode Island Red (RIR) chickens and their progenies on productive performance. The two chicken breeds used were the Fulani Ecotype (FE) and Rhode Island Red (RIR) as dams and sires line. Pure, straight and reciprocal crosses mating designed were adopted to produced progenies of FE x FE, RIR x RIR, RIR x FE, FE x RIR genotypes. RIR genotype were significantly (P < 0.05) differed for body weight (1650 g), feed intake (90.66 g), average daily gain (10.22 g) and feed to gain ratio (8.87) than other genotypes but followed closely was FE x RIR crossbred for variables measured on growth performance. Egg production performance of the pure and crossbred were compared with each other and RIR x FE crossbred were better in respect to values of 47 g, 60,78% and 58.88% for egg weight, HDEP% and HHEP% respectively. FE x RIR crossbred better for age at sexual maturity (151days) while RIR x FE genotype were favoured for body weight at sexual maturity (1841 g), fertility (76.15%) and hatchability (98.25%) than other groups of genotype. It can be concluded that combining effect of FE x RIR or RIR x FE crossbred were better than pure FE and lesser than pure RIR chickens while outstanding crosses was the straight mating (RIR x FE).
Crossing, Fulani Ecotype, RIR, Reproductive Traits, Southern Guinea Savanna
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