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Animal Histology (Structure and Function)
Author:
Amal Attia El-Morsy Ibrahim
ISBN: 978-1-941926-09-3
6.3 x 9.1 inches, 199pp, Paperback: $89, PDF: $39
Published Date: December, 2014
To order hard copies, please contact book@openscienceonline.com
Introduction
The Tissue is a cellular organizational level intermediate between cells and a complete organism. Hence, a tissue is an ensemble of cells, not necessarily identical, but from the same origin, that together carry out a specific function (in animals and plants). Organs are then formed by the functional grouping together of multiple tissues.

The classical tools for studying tissues are the paraffin block in which tissue is embedded and then sectioned, the histological stain, and the optical microscope. In the last couple of decades, developments in electron microscopy, immunofluorescence, and the use of frozen tissue sections have enhanced the detail that can be observed in tissues. With these tools, the classical appearances of tissues can be examined in health and disease, enabling considerable refinement of clinical diagnosis and prognosis.

The study of animal tissues is known as histology. Histology is the microscopic study of tissues of the animal and human bodies and how these tissues are organized to form organs (organogenesis). The word "histology" is derived from two Greek words, histo="tissue" and logos="study". The structure of tissues is so closely related to its function and vice versa. As gross anatomy shows you the picture of the body from outside, histology goes deep into the body to show you the microscopic features. In this way, students can correlate how microscopic structures are related with the gross structures.

Knowledge of tissue structure and function is important in understanding the structure and function of organs, organ systems, and the complete organism. Knowledge of histology also aids in understanding the pathology of tissues. This is because histology gives you the normal picture of a tissue while pathology discusses what changes occur in this normal tissue when it becomes abnormal or diseased. So, there is always a link between histology and pathology.
Contents
Front Matter  
Chapter 1 The Cell  
      1.1 Discovery of the Cell  
      1.2 The Cell Theory  
         1.2.1 What is the Cell Theory  
         1.2.2 Who Developed the Cell Theory  
      1.3 Cell Diversity  
         1.3.1 Size Cell Diversity  
         1.3.2 Shape Cell Diversity  
         1.3.3 Internal Organization Diversity  
      1.4 Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes  
      1.5 Animal Cell Structure  
         1.5.1 The Cell Membrane  
         1.5.2 The Cytoplasm and Cytosol  
         1.5.3 The Nucleus  
         1.5.4 Mitochondria  
         1.5.5 Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)  
         1.5.6 Golgi Complex  
         1.5.7 Ribosomes  
         1.5.8 Vesicles  
         1.5.9 Lysosomes  
         1.5.10 The Centrosome  
         1.5.11 Cilia and Flagella  
Chapter 2 Cell Division  
      2.1 Mitosis  
      2.2 Meiosis  
         2.2.1 Meiosis I  
         2.2.2 Meiosis II  
Chapter 3 Organogenesis  
      3.1 The First Steps to Forming a New Organism  
         3.1.1 Cleavage  
         3.1.2 Features  
         3.1.3 Fluid Filled Cavity Forms - Blastocoel  
         3.1.4 Radial Cleavage  
         3.1.5 Spiral Cleavage  
         3.1.6 How Are these Processes Involved  
         3.1.7 Hox Genes  
      3.2 Limb Development  
      3.3 Vascular Development  
      3.4 Apoptosis (Programmed Cell Death)  
      3.5 Key Concepts in Organogenesis  
Chapter 4 Animal Tissues  
      4.1 Epithelium Tissue  
         4.1.1 Junctions Between Epithelial Cells (Cell Attachments)  
         4.1.2 Specializations of Epithelial Cells  
         4.1.3 Types of Epithelial Tissue  
         4.1.4 Simple Epithelium  
         4.1.5 Compound Epithelium  
         4.1.6 Functional Classification of Epithelial Tissue  
      4.2 Connective Tissue  
         4.2.1 Connective Tissue Proper  
         4.2.2 Types of Connective Tissue Proper  
         4.2.3 Skeletal Connective Tissue  
         4.2.4 Vascular Connective Tissue  
      4.3 Muscular Tissue  
         4.3.1 Special Property  
         4.3.2 Functions of Muscular Tissue  
         4.3.3 Types of Muscles  
      4.4 Nervous Tissue  
         4.4.1 Special Properties  
         4.4.2 Composition  
         4.4.3 Types of Neurons  
         4.4.4 On the Basis of Functions Neurons Are of 3 Types  
         4.4.5 Nerve Fibers  
         4.4.6 Formation of Myelin Sheath (Myelinogenesis)  
         4.4.7 Neuroglia Glial Cells  
         4.4.8 Structure of Spinal Cord  
         4.4.9 Cross Section of Sciatic Nerve  
Chapter 5 Sense Organs  
      5.1 Sight – The Eye  
         5.1.1 Eye Structure  
         5.1.2 The Mechanism of Vision  
      5.2 Ear  
         5.2.1 Ear Structure  
         5.2.2 The Mechanism of Hearing  
      5.3 Nose  
         5.3.1 Smell – The Nose  
         5.3.2 Mechanism of Smell  
      5.4 Skin  
         5.4.1 Integumentary System  
         5.4.2 Other Cells of the Epidermis  
         5.4.3 Appendages of the Skin  
      5.5 The Tongue and Taste  
         5.5.1 Mechanism of Taste  
         5.5.2 There Are Four Types of These Taste Receptors  
Chapter 6 Endocrine Glands  
      6.1 Chemical Structure of Hormones  
         6.1.1 Peptides and Polypeptides  
         6.1.2 Lipids and Steroids  
      6.2 Hormone Mechanism of Action  
      6.3 Types of Signaling  
         6.3.1 Endocrine Signaling  
         6.3.2 Autocrine Signaling  
         6.3.3 Paracrine Signaling  
      6.4 Function of the Endocrine System  
      6.5 The Hypothalamus  
      6.6 Pituitary Gland  
      6.7 Pineal Body  
      6.8 Thyroid Gland  
      6.9 Parathyroid Gland  
      6.10 Adrenal Gland  
      6.11 Pancreas  
      6.12 Reproductive Glands (Gonads)  
         6.12.1 Testis  
         6.12.2 Ovary  
      6.13 Other Endocrine Glands  
         6.13.1 Stomach  
         6.13.2 Duodenum  
         6.13.3 Intestine  
         6.13.4 Thymus Gland  
Back Matter  
Author(s)
Amal Attia El-Morsy Ibrahim
Associate Professor of Histology & Histochemistry.
Faculty of Girls’ for Arts, Science & Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
Faculty of Science for Girls, Northern Border University, Ar'ar, KSA.
Readership
Undergraduate Student in Science Faculties.
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