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Effectiveness of Some Selected Toothpastes Sold in Wukari North East Nigeria on Oral Microflora
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2018
Issue 2 (April)
Pages: 20-27   |   Vol. 5, No. 2, April 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 20   Since Jul. 5, 2018 Views: 916   Since Jul. 5, 2018
Authors
[1]
Imarenezor Edobor Peter Kenneth, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, Federal University, Wukari, Nigeria.
[2]
Brown Samuel Tamunoiyowuna Cockeye, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, Federal University, Wukari, Nigeria.
[3]
Yakubu Ojochenemi Ejeh, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, Federal University, Wukari, Nigeria.
[4]
Egwaikhide Peter Ajakaiye, Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, Federal University, Wukari, Nigeria.
[5]
Malu Samuel Peter, Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, Federal University, Wukari, Nigeria.
[6]
Joseph Torshian Ugye, Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, Federal University, Wukari, Nigeria.
Abstract
The effect of toothpastes on oral microflora was investigated in order to identify the presence of different cultivating microorganisms which cause dental infections and their susceptibility to different types and concentrations of toothpastes. The investigation was carried out using seven (7) different types of toothpastes marked TP001, TP002 TP003, TP004, TP005, TP006 and TP007 sold in wukari, North East, Nigeria. The various toothpastes were assayed for their inhibitory effect on some oral microflora of Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius, Lactobacillus species and Candida albicans which was isolated from 46 students randomly using standard microbiological techniques at the Microbiology laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Federal University Wukari, Nigeria at different concentration of 18%, 15%, 12%, 9%, 6%, 3% and 1%. The results showed that the toothpastes significantly reduced to different levels the microbial count of all organisms used. The reduction in microbial count ranged from initial count of 2.6 x 106cfu/ml to 0.42 x 106cfu/ml for Streptococcus mutans, 2.3 x 106cfu/ml to 0.44 x 106cfu/ml for Streptococcus salivarius, 2.2 x 106cfu/ml to 0.38 x 106cfu/ml for Lactobacillus spp and 1.0 x 106cfu/ml to 0.23 x 106cfu/ml for Candida albicans, depending on the toothpastes concentration. At P< 0.05, there was no significant difference (P< 0.05) amongst the seven different toothpastes in terms of inhibitory properties, though showing a significant decrease (P< 0.05) in microbial count. Although, all the toothpastes contained the same compositional compounds but at different concentrations which most probably account for the observed differences in their inhibitory activities. In conclusion, the above results show that, the toothpastes TP001, TP002, TP003, TP004, TP005, TP006 and TP007 have good antimicrobial properties. However, some of the toothpastes work best at higher concentration.
Keywords
Bacteria, Microflora, Nigeria, Oral, Toothpaste, Wukari
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