Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Design, Fabrication and Characterisation of an Electric Powered Yam Pounding Machine
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2015
Issue 2 (March)
Pages: 26-35   |   Vol. 2, No. 2, March 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 69   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 2227   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Oweziem Bright Uchenna, Depertment of Industrial and Production Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
[2]
Chinwuko Emmanuel Chuka, Depertment of Industrial and Production Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
[3]
Ezeliora Chukwuemeka Daniel, Depertment of Industrial and Production Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
[4]
Obaseki Efosa, Depertment of Mechanical Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
Abstract
This work focuses on the design of an electromechanical yam pounding machine. The machine consists of a shaft, electric motor, trough, propeller (yam beater), pulleys and the frame with vents for adequate cooling of the machine during operation. Mild steel material and stainless steel sheet were used in the design based on its availability, strength, appearance, cost, and corrosion resistance. The maximum volume of yam pounded was gotten to be 〖6000000mm〗^3 while a power requirement of 1hp was needed to drive the machine.However in this design, improvement was made on the overheating of the electric motor during operation by creating vents for adequate cooling, improvement on the size making it more portable than the existing ones and the use of dampers to minimize vibration with better reliability and working efficiency. From experiment carried out in using the machine to pound three different species of yam, it was observed that irrespective of the improvement done on reducing overheating during pound, it pounds in less time compared to the already existing ones.
Keywords
Design, Fabrication, Moment, Beater, Belt Pulley, Machine, Tension, Yam
Reference
[1]
Walsh S (2003). Plant Based Nutrition and Health. ISBN 0-907337-26-0. New York, USA. pp.47-48
[2]
Muller, K and Ennis D.M 1979, Rotatable designs in product development. Food Technology, Vol. 33(7): 5-5
[3]
Gupta J.K and KhurmiR.S(2004). Publishing House(Pvt). Ltd, New Delhi. pp 420-425,469-480
[4]
Habart& Kenwood, (2007). Power Splitters, Patent & Design Journal, No. 6159, June 2007, pp 522-525
[5]
Mignouna, H. D., Abang, M. M. and Asiedu, R. (2003). Harnessing modern biotechnology for tropical tuber crop improvement: Yam (Dioscorea spp.) molecular breeding. Available online accessed on the 5th of August 2012.
[6]
Budynas, Nisbett (2008) Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design, Mcgraw-hill companies 8th edition pp15,351
[7]
Food Information Network, (2008). Wageningen University, the Netherlands.
[8]
Odior A.O, Orsarh E.S (2008) , Design and Construction of a Yam Pounding Machine, International Journal of Nature and Applied Sciences, 4(3): pp 319-323
[9]
Odior A.O, Oyawale F.A (2012) Analysis of Production capacity of a yam flour producing firm using a mathematical model, ARPN Journal of Engineering and applied science. pp820-823
[10]
Osueke C.O,(2010). Design and Construction of a Yam Pounding Machine, Avaliable online (blogsite) accessed on the 12th of September 2012.
[11]
Akissoe, N., D.J. Hounhouigan, C. Mestres and M. Nago, 2003. How blanching and drying affect the colour and functional characteristics of yam (DioscoreaCayenensis-Rotundata) flour. Food Chem., 82: 257-264.
[12]
Federal Office of Statistics, 2007. Nigeria Trade Summary. Federal office of Statistics, Lagos, Nigeria.
[13]
Kalpakjian, S., Schmid, S. (2006). Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, Pearson Education Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. pp1246-1250
[14]
Avid, P. (1945). Ball and Roller bearing Engineering, S.H Burbank and Co., Incorporated Philadelphia. Pp78-86
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved