A Cross Sectional Study on Assessment of Prevalence, Risk Factors and Management of Osteoarthritis in a Tertiary Care Hospital
This study was aimed to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and management of osteoarthritis (OA) in a tertiary care hospital. A prospective observational cross sectional study was conducted among 68 osteoarthritis patients for a period of 6 months in a tertiary care referral hospital. A data collection form was designed to collect information necessary for the study. We arranged the study into 3 phases as the preparatory, data collection and analytical phase. The prevalence of OA and prevalence of each risk factor to causing OA was separately analyzed. The Management pattern of OA was also evaluated. Among 68 patients selected for the study, 32 patients were from the age group 56-65 followed by the age group 66-75 of 18 patients. Out of 68 patients, 47 patients were females and 21 patients were males. Our study found that 40 patients were overweight, 19 were obese and only 9 were normal weight. The assessment of prevalence of risk factors showed that among the various risk factors, age (36%) was found to be the most statistically significant prevalent risk factor followed by female gender (69%) and trauma (16%). Our study concluded that a high prevalence rate of knee osteoarthritis among elderly. Also females were predominantly affected than men and prevalence of risk factors was also higher in this gender. Excluding female gender, age, trauma, overweight and kneeling were the prominent risk factors.
Osteoarthritis, Prevalence, Risk Factor, Management
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