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Study the Effects of Analgesic and Anesthetic Drugs in Ducks
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2017
Issue 1 (February)
Pages: 1-6   |   Vol. 5, No. 1, February 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 31   Since Jul. 3, 2017 Views: 525   Since Jul. 3, 2017
Authors
[1]
Saqib Ali Fazlani, Department of Surgery, Obstetrics, and Veterinary Pharmacology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry & Vet Science, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan.
[2]
Om Parkaash Rajput, Department of Surgery, Obstetrics, and Veterinary Pharmacology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry & Vet Science, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan.
[3]
Yasir Ali Fazalani, Department of Surgery, Obstetrics, and Veterinary Pharmacology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry & Vet Science, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan.
[4]
Tanveer Ali Fazlani, Department of Surgery, Obstetrics, and Veterinary Pharmacology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry & Vet Science, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan.
Abstract
The experiment was carried out to determine the effects of xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam on ducks as sedative and analgesic. After anesthesia ducks were examined for their body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate and other parameters related to sedation and analgesia. The results showed that body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate and other parameters of ducks treated with xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam were significant (P<0.05). The average body temperature of ducks treated with xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam was 104.47±1.10, 105.13±0.77 and 105.71±1.02oF. The average heart rate of ducks anesthetized by xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam were detected 126.20±7.44, 100.78±5.74 and 111.46±4.22 beats/min. The average respiratory rate of ducks treated with xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam was 21.31±5.23, 25.42±4.60 and 25.60±3.926 breaths/min. The onset of sedation in ducks anesthetized by xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam was recorded in 3.42±0.16, 3.46±0.16 and 4.33±0.81 minutes after drug management. The degree of sedation 4.00±0.89, 4.50±0.54 and 3.50±0.08 indicated moderate to high degree of sedation. Duration of sedation was noted in the ducks anesthetized with xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam was 67.50±22.90, 80.80±10.6 and 67.30±15.10 minutes, respectively. The duration of analgesia was higher in ducks anaesthetized by Diazepam 11.50±0.80 and 8.37±1.05 minutes by acepromazine with lowest 3.50±0.00 minutes noted by xylazine. The recovery of ducks from anesthesia was recorded in 51.00±7.21, 49.80±4.02 and 32.10±11.1 minutes, when anesthetized with xylazine, acepromazine and diazepam. In conclusion time length of analgesia was relatively delayed; accomplishing little degree of sedation and primary recovery was noted in ducks anesthetized with Diazepam.
Keywords
Drugs, Anaesthetize, Duck
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