Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News Unsubscribe Page
Carbon Nanosphere Black, Soot Synthesis by Chemical Vapor Deposition for Multi Gas Sensor
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2014
Issue 1 (September)
Pages: 1-7   |   Vol. 1, No. 1, September 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 34   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 805   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Mohamed O. Dawood, Department of physics, Science of college, University of Al-Mustansiriyah.
Marwa Abdul Muhsien Hassan, Department of physics, Science of college, University of Al-Mustansiriyah.
Carbon Nanosphere synthesized by chemical vapor deposition from acetylene at 750°C. Fe particles of diameter ranging from 30 to 90 nm were used as the catalyst particles. The catalyst was prepared from an Iron chloride FeCl3 precursor solution that was spin–coated on P-SiO2/ (100) substrate. The growth produced were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmittance electron microscopy (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy in order to investigate the behavior of the growth process. The carbon nanosphere sensor show the working temperature influences the sensitivity and the response time, and the best results are obtained when the sensor is at a working temperature of 200 degrees or so. The CNS displayed a specific sensitized for NO2 and H2 gases. In the same experimental conditions, the recovery of the sensors was different for NO2 and H2.
Carbon Nanosphere, Characterize, CVD, Gas Sensor
S. Iijima, “Helical Micronanotubles of Graghitic Carbon,” Nature 354, 56 (1991).
H. Dai, “Carbon nanotubes: synthesis, integration and properties,” Acc Chem Res;35, 1035(2002).
R. Baughman, A. Zakhidov and W. Heer. “Carbon Nanotubes the Route Toward Applications,” Science, 297, 5582(2002).
Cao. Q, Rogers. JA, “Ultrathin films of single-walled carbon nanotubes for electronics and sensors: a review of fundamental and applied aspects,” Adv Mater 21(1), 29(2009).
C. Journet and P. Bernier, “Production of carbon nanotubes,” App. Phys., 67, 1(1998).
A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu, Y.H. Lee, S.G. Kim, A.G. Rinzler, D.T. Colbert, G.E. Scuseria, D. Tomanek, J.E. Fisher and R.E. Smalley, “CrystallineRopes of Metallic Nanotubes,” Science 273, 483(1996).
M. Terrones, N. Grobert, J. Olivares, J.P. Zhang, H. Terrones, K. Kordatos, W.K. Hsu, J.P. Hare, P.D. Townsend, K. Prassides, A.K. Cheetham and H.W. Kroto, “Controlled production of aligned nanotube bundles,” D.R.M. Walton, Nature 388, 52 (1997).
R. Sen, A. Govindaraj and C.N.R. Rao, “Carbon nanotubes by the Metallocene Route,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 267(3-4), 276 (1997).
Z. F. Ren, Z. P. Huang, J. W. Xu, J. H. Wang, P. Bush, M. P. Siegal and P. N. Provencio, “Synthesis of Large Arrays of Well-Aligned Carbon Nanotubes on Glass,” Science 282, 1105(1998).
X. Ma, E. G. Wang, W. Zhou, D. A. Jefferson, J. Chen, S. Deng, N. Xu and J. Yuan, “Polymerized Carbon Nanobells and their Field Emission Properties,”Appl. Phys. Lett.75,3105 (1999).
W.Z. Li, S.S. Xie, L.X. Qain, B.H. Chang, B.S. Zou, W.Y. Zhou, R.A. Zhao and G. Wang, “Large Scale Synthesis of Aligned Carbon Nanotubes,” Science274, 1701(1996).
S. Fan, M.G. Chapline, N.R. Franklin, T.W. Tombler, A.M. Cassell and H. Dai, “Self-Oriented Regular Arrays of Carbon Nanotubes and Their Field Emission Properties,” Science 283, 512(1999).
K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Koshio, N. Tanaka, and Shinohara, “A simple and novel way to synthesize aligned nanotube bundles at low temperature,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics,Vol.37,L1257,(1998).
C. Yin, “Synthesis and TEM observation of fluffy hollow carbon spheres by FeCl3catalyzed solventthermal reaction,” Materials Letters 61, 4015(2007).
Anu.N.Mohan and B. Manoj, “Synthesis and Characterization of Carbon Nanospheres from Hydrocarbon Soot ,” Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 7 9537(2012).
M.M. Shaijumon and S. Ramaprabhu, “Studies of yield and nature of carbon nanostructures synthesized by pyrolysis of ferrocene and hydrogen adsorption studies of carbon nanotubes,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 30, 311(2005).
G. Sun, X. Li, Y. Qu, X. Wang, H. Yan and Y. Zhang, “Preparation and characterization of graphite nanosheets from detonation technique,”Materials Letters, 62 703(2008).
M. Abul Hossain and Sh. Islam, “Synthesis of carbon nanoparticles from kerosene and their characterization by SEM/EDX, XRD and FTIR,” American Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 1(2), 52(2013).
J-Y. Miao, D. W. Hwang, K. V. Narasimhulu, P. Lin, Y. Chen, Sh. Lin and L. Hwang, “Synthesis and properties of carbon nanospheres grown by CVD using Kaolin supported transition metal catalysts, ”Carbon 42, 813(2004).
X. Zhang, J. Zhang, Y. Jia, P. Xiao and Ju Tang,“TiO2 Nanotube Array Sensor for Detecting the SF6 Decomposition Product SO2,” Sensors(Basel), 12, 3302(2012).
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved