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Comparison Between Silver Nanoparticles and Silver Nitrate as Antifungal Agent
Current Issue
Volume 4, 2018
Issue 1 (January)
Pages: 5-11   |   Vol. 4, No. 1, January 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 31   Since Apr. 27, 2018 Views: 395   Since Apr. 27, 2018
Authors
[1]
Sherif Mohamed El-Kadi, Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Damietta University, Damietta, Egypt.
[2]
Mohammed Kamel Mahmoud, Microbial Activity Unit, Department of Microbiology, Soils, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt.
[3]
Khaled Abd-Elfattah Sayed-Ahmed, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Damietta University, Damietta, Egypt.
[4]
Mostafa Ahmed El-Hendawy, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Damietta University, Damietta, Egypt.
Abstract
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized and their maximum peak appeared around 412.5 nm. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) has been used to identify the size, shape and morphology of AgNPs. AgNPs were well dispersed and predominantly spherical in shapewith diameter in the range of 2–17 nm. Twelve fungal species were used to study the effect of AgNPs as antifungal agent. Geotrichum candidum was the highest fungus affected by AgNPs followed by Aspergillus flavipes while Aspergillus glaucus became the third one. The effect of AgNPs on Emericella nidulans, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus alliaceus, Rhizopus sp., Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus nidulans and Penicillium sp. had lowest effect. The highest effect for AgNO3 was observed on G. candidum, and then followed by E. nidulans, Rhizopus sp., Penicillium sp., A. flavipes, A. nidulans, A. niger, A. glaucus, A. ochraceus, A. alliaceus and A. flavus which were resistant against AgNO3. The effect of AgNO3 on A. oryzae was very limited. The effect of AgNPs and AgNO3 were studied. The highest value was 272.77% in case of G. candidum, but the lowest value was 83.11% in case of Penicillium sp. AgNPs had a high effect in comparison with AgNO3 in case of A. flavus, A. glaucus, A. flavipes, A. glaucus, A. oryzae, E. nidulans and A. niger. The effects of AgNO3 were higher than AgNPs in case of A. nidulans, Rhizopus sp., A. ochraceus and Penicillium sp. These values were 98.50, 86.15, 84.90 and 83.11%, respectively.
Keywords
Antifungal Agents, Silver Nanoparticles, Synthesis and Characterization of AgNPs
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