Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News Unsubscribe Page
Extraction and Characterization of Nanocellulose from Xanthoceras Sorbifolia Husks
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2015
Issue 6 (November)
Pages: 43-50   |   Vol. 2, No. 6, November 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 115   Since Nov. 4, 2015 Views: 1292   Since Nov. 4, 2015
Authors
[1]
Na Ma, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China.
[2]
Dongyan Liu, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China.
[3]
Yueyue Liu, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China.
[4]
Guoxin Sui, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China.
Abstract
Nanocellulse as a kind of biomaterial with nanoscale, performs considerable potential applications in a many fields. Extracting nanocellulose might create a novel path to use of Xanthoceras sorbifolia husks. In this work, nanocellulose was extracted from Xanthoceras sorbifolia husks through a series of chemical treatments. The morphology, chemical structure, thermal behaviors and crystallinity of untreated husks, cellulose fibers and nanocellulose were compared. The mechanical properties of nanocellulose film were investigated. The nanocellulose of Xanthoceras sorbifolia husks had a rod-like aspect, the diameter was about 38nm. The essential chemical structure of cellulose was not broken during the treatments. The chemical treatments for Xanthoceras sorbifolia husks caused the changes of the thermal properties and crystallinity. The transparent nanocellulose film made by Xanthoceras sorbifolia husks nanocellulose showed high storage modulus at low temperature. The tensile strength and Young’s modulus of nanocellulose film were 75.9MPa and 15.9GPa, respectively.
Keywords
Nanocellulose, Xanthoceras Sorbifolia Husks, Extracting, Nanocellulose Film, Properties
Reference
[1]
Mandal A, Chakrabarty D. Isolation of nanocellulose from waste sugarcane bagasse (SCB) and its characterization. Carbohydr Polym 2011; 86: 1291-1299.
[2]
Teixeira EdM, Bondancia TJ, Ricardo Teodoro KB, Correa AC, Marconcini JM, Caparelli Mattoso LH. Sugarcane bagasse whiskers: Extraction and characterizations. Ind Crop Prod 2011; 33: 63-66.
[3]
Bei W, Sain M, Oksman K. Study of structural morphology of hemp fiber from the micro to the nanoscale. Appl Compos Mater 2007; 14: 89-103.
[4]
Moran JI, Alvarez VA, Cyras VP, Vazquez A. Extraction of cellulose and preparation of nanocellulose from sisal fibers. Cellulose 2008; 15: 149-159.
[5]
Teixeira EdM, Correa AC, Manzoli A, Leite FdL, Caue RdO, Capparelli Mattoso LH. Cellulose nanofibers from white and naturally colored cotton fibers. Cellulose 2010; 17: 595-606.
[6]
Saraiva Morais JP, Rosa MdF, Moreira de Souza Filho MdS, Nascimento LD, do Nascimento DM, Cassales AR. Extraction and characterization of nanocellulose structures from raw cotton linter. Carbohydr Polym 2013; 91: 229-235.
[7]
Corrêa A, Morais Teixeira E, Pessan L, Mattoso L. Cellulose nanofibers from curaua fibers. Cellulose 2010; 17: 1183-1192.
[8]
Nakagaito AN, Iwamoto S, Yano H. Bacterial cellulose: the ultimate nano-scalar cellulose morphology for the production of high-strength composites. Appl Phys A 2005; 80:93-97.
[9]
Nishino T, Takano K, Nakamae K. Elastic modulus of the crystalline regions of cellulose polymorphs. J Polym Sci Pol Phys 1995; 33 (11): 1647-1651.
[10]
Kulachenko A, Denoyelle T, Galland S, Lindstrom SB. Elastic properties of cellulose nanopaper. Cellulose 2012; 19: 793-807.
[11]
Henriksson M, Berglund LA, Isaksson P, Lindström T, Nishino T. Cellulose Nanopaper Structures of High Toughness. Biomacromolecules 2008; 9: 1579-1585.
[12]
Taniguchi T, Okamura K. Biodiesel production from Xanthoceras sorbifolia in China: Opportunities and challenges. Polym Int 1998; 47: 291-294.
[13]
Alemdar A, Sain M. Isolation and characterization of nanofibers from agricultural residues – Wheat straw and soy hulls. Bioresource Technol 2008; 99: 1664-1671.
[14]
Yao ZY, Qi JH, Yin LM. Biodiesel production from Xanthoceras sorbifolia in China: Opportunities and challenges. Renew Sust Energ Rev 2013; 24: 57-65.
[15]
Beck-Candanedo S, Roman M, Gray DG. Effect of Reaction Conditions on the Properties and Behavior of Wood Cellulose Nanocrystal Suspensions. (Biomacromolecules 2005; 6: 1048-1054.
[16]
Eichhorn SJ, Dufresne A, Aranguren M, Marcovich NE, Capadona JR, Rowan SJ, Weder C, Thielemans W, Roman M, Renneckar S, Gindl W, Veigel S, Keckes J, Yano H, Abe K, Nogi M, Nakagaito AN, Mangalam A, Simonsen J, Benight AS, Bismarck A, Berglund LA, Peijs T. Review: current international research into cellulose nanofibres and nanocomposites. J Mater Sci 2010; 45: 1-33.
[17]
Oh SY, Yoo DI, Shin Y, Seo G. FTIR analysis of cellulose treated with sodium hydroxide and carbon dioxide. Carbohydr Res 2005; 340: 417-428.
[18]
Nelson ML, O'Connor RT. Relation of certain infrared bands to cellulose crystallinity and crystal lattice type. Part II. A new infrared ratio for estimation of crystallinity in celluloses I and II. J Appl Polym Sci 1964; 8: 1325-1341.
[19]
Baird MS, Hamlin JD, O'Sullivan A, Whiting A. An insight into the mechanism of the cellulose dyeing process: Molecular modelling and simulations of cellulose and its interactions with water, urea, aromatic azo-dyes and aryl ammonium compounds. Dyes Pigments 2008; 76: 406-416.
[20]
Sun XF, Xu F, Sun RC, Fowler P, Baird MS. Characteristics of degraded cellulose obtained from steam-exploded wheat straw. Carbohydr Res 2005; 340: 97-106.
[21]
Paul G, Paul W. Identification of Cellulosic Fibres by FTIR Spectroscopy: Thread and Single Fibre Analysis by Attenuated Total Reflectance. Stud Conserv 2003; 48: 269-275.
[22]
Le Troedec M, Sedan D, Peyratout C, Bonnet JP, Smith A, Guinebretiere R, Gloaguen V, Krausz P. Influence of various chemical treatments on the composition and structure of hemp fibres. Compos Part A-Appl S 2008; 39: 514-522.
[23]
Yang H, Yan R, Chen H, Lee DH, Zheng C. Characteristics of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin pyrolysis. Fuel 2007; 86: 1781-1788.
[24]
Roman M, Winter WT. Effect of Sulfate Groups from Sulfuric Acid Hydrolysis on the Thermal Degradation Behavior of Bacterial Cellulose. Biomacromolecules 2004; 5:1671-1677.
[25]
Wang N, Ding E, Cheng R. Thermal degradation behaviors of spherical cellulose nanocrystals with sulfate groups. Polymer 2007; 48: 3486-3493.
[26]
Paakko M, Vapaavuori J, Silvennoinen R, Kosonen H, Ankerfors M, Lindstrom T, Berglund LA, Ikkala O. Long and entangled native cellulose I nanofibers allow flexible aerogels and hierarchically porous templates for functionalities. Soft Matter 2008; 4: 2492-2499.
[27]
Borysiak S, Doczekalska B. X-ray diffraction study of pine wood treated with NaOH. Fiber text East Eur 2005; 13: 87-89.
[28]
Mwaikambo LY, Ansell MP. Chemical modification of hemp, sisal, jute, and kapok fibers by alkalization. J Appl Polym Sci 2002; 84: 2222-2234.
[29]
Liu DY, Sui GX, Bhattacharyya D. Synthesis and characterisation of nanocellulose-based polyaniline conducting films. Compos Sci Technol 2014; 99: 31-36.
[30]
Syverud K, Stenius P. Strength and barrier properties of MFC films. Cellulose 2009; 16: 75-85.
[31]
Martinez-Sanz M, Lopez-Rubio A, Lagaron JM. High-barrier coated bacterial cellulose nanowhiskers films with reduced moisture sensitivity. Carbohydr Polym 2013; 98: 1072-1082.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved