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Farmers Awareness on The Control of Sesame Seed Bug Elasmolomus sordidus (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) in Two Localities in Kordofan, Sudan
Current Issue
Volume 7, 2019
Issue 3 (September)
Pages: 45-48   |   Vol. 7, No. 3, September 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 6   Since Sep. 17, 2019 Views: 50   Since Sep. 17, 2019
Authors
[1]
Omer Rahama Mohamed Rahama, Department of Plant Protection Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[2]
Abdelmanan Elzein Hassan Elamin, Department of Plant Protection Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
[3]
Amna Osman Mohamed, Department of Plant Protection Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan.
Abstract
This study was done at Sheikan and Elnuhud localities in North and West Kordofan States, Sudan in season 2016/2017. The main objective of the study was to throw light on farmer's awareness on the damage and control of sesame seed bug Elasmolomus sordidus on small scale farms of sesame and groundnut. Individual questionnaire was designed to collect information by interviewing 60 farmers from villages in Sheikan locality and 58 farmers from villages in Elnuhud locality for their experience in the incident and control of sesame seed bug Elasmolomus sordidus pests. The data obtained by questionnaire in Sheikan locality exposed that 86.7% of the farmers in question usually cultivating sesame while 84.5% of the farmers in question cultivating groundnut in Elnuhud locality. Regarding harvesting time in Sheikan locality 70% of the farmers harvest sesame crop in October 65% mentioned the incidence of the bug sometimes in their sesame fields and 73.3 said the damage was sever when sesame stacked to dry after harvesting and 98.3 of them used chemicals for control and half of them replicated chemical more than two times. On the other hand in Elnuhud locality 82.8% of the respondents harvest groundnut in October like those in Sheikan and In Elnuhud locality 81% of the farmers mentioned that the sesame seed bug is the most important pest of groundnut and its incidence was sometimes (62.1%) and 41.4% the framers said that the damage caused by the bug was severe and (84.5%) used chemicals for control and 52% of them apply them at once. We concluded that the sesame seed bug is the most important pest in the two localities in question and more attention is needed for the control. It is also necessary that term training in general to the farmer community in the study area is highly needed.
Keywords
Farmers Awareness, Sesame Seed Bug, Control, Kordofan, Sudan
Reference
[1]
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