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Curie Points and Direct Current Electrical Conductivity for Inverse Li-Spinel Ferrite Replaced by Zn2+ Ion
Current Issue
Volume 7, 2019
Issue 1 (March)
Pages: 13-18   |   Vol. 7, No. 1, March 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 15   Since Apr. 29, 2019 Views: 939   Since Apr. 29, 2019
Authors
[1]
Hussein Dawoud, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Islamic University, Gaza, Palestine.
[2]
Zana Abu Mosa, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Islamic University, Gaza, Palestine.
[3]
Samy Shaat, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Islamic University, Gaza, Palestine.
Abstract
The conventional ceramic double sintering method was used to prepare a series of mixed Li-Zn spinel ferrites (SFs) Direct electric (DC) electrical conductivity (σ) and inductance (L) were studied for the prepared series of samples from room temperature to well beyond the Curie point (TC). σ was measured as a function of temperature, the relation between lnσ with 1/T indicated that σ was increased with increasing of the temperature, which proves that the prepared samples have a semiconductor behavior. The maximum value of the σ was reported for the sample of x = 0.8. The σ results were interpreted in terms of hopping model. The relation between lnσT and 1/T showed a change in the slope which is attributed to the change of samples from ferrimagnetic to paramagnetic at TC. The values of L increased exponentially from room temperature up to TC, and then they decreased sharply. The calculated activation energy Ea in the ferromagnetic region was less than that in paramagnetic region. The calculated activation energy (Ea) decreased with increasing of Zn content. The values of the TC for the prepared samples were determined from σ and L measurements, which decreased with increasing of Zn content.
Keywords
Spinel Ferrite, DC Electric Conductivity, Curie Point, Inductance, Activation Energy, Defect, Vacancies
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