Enhancing Organizational Commitment through Human Resource Policy
Human resources management is considered to be one of the most important factors within organizations that help them to achieve a competitive advantage. However, organizations should take care of the human factor to increase their commitment within organizations to take advantage of their capabilities. Despite the fact that, human resource policy is considered as vital elements of organizational commitment, but there are few study that have examined the different components of human resource policy on organizational commitment. Moreover, scholars have failed to address which component of human resource policy has a more impact on organizational commitment. This study addressed to the issue by examining the effect of three components of human resource policy namely human resource recruitment policy, human resource performance appraiser policy and human resource sustaining policy on organizational commitment. A quantitative study using a cross-sectional survey method was used to investigate the relationship between the proposed variables. Data were collected from employees of 10 manufacturing companies in Arak (A city in the central of Iran). The overall response rate was 85.48. The relationships between variables were examined using structural equation modeling (SEM) technique and partial least squares (PLS) software was used. The results revealed there is a significant and positive relationship between the three components of human resource policy and organizational commitment. The study combined social exchange and resource –based theories to develop a new theoretical framework to demonstrate the importance of human resource policy in enhancing organizational commitment. Moreover, the study has provided a new paradigm to effectively improve organizational commitment.
Human Resource Policy, Organizational Commitment (OC), Human Resource Performance Appraiser Policy, Human Resource Sustaining Policy
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