Effects of Effluents on the Health of Urban Dwellers
Increasing poor human health is becoming a serious concern, due mainly to the rapid increase of human development activities and turnout of waste especially household effluent. This paper addresses the impacts of poor disposal of effluent on the health of urban dwellers by way of their effect on the environment. The interest on urban dwelling is due to the existing poor household wastewater management and increasing population in the urban areas coupled with urbanization; that are evidence in the obvious activities carried out in the area. These activities include indiscriminate discharge of household and industrial wastewaters (effluents) in open space, river and streams. These activities no doubt can create adverse impact on the environment; like the land, river and air and cause their pollutions and in turn have adverse effects on health of the inhabitance; urban dwellers. This paper therefore documents the effect of effluents on the health of urban dwellers by exploring the causes of poor disposal of effluent, the effect on health and possible remedies. It employs the review of literature as a means of data collection.
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