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The Mediation of Parental Personality on Preschool Children’s Temperament by Parenting Styles
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2014
Issue 3 (June)
Pages: 21-28   |   Vol. 1, No. 3, June 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 27   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1593   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Toshinori Kitamura, Kitamura Institute of Mental Health Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine.
Yukiko Ohashi, Kitamura Institute of Mental Health Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Mikihiko Murakami, Kumamoto Paediatric Associations, Kumamoto, Kumamoto, Japan.
Yoshitaka Goto, Kumamoto Paediatric Associations, Kumamoto, Kumamoto, Japan.
In order to examine the effects of parental personality on children’s (under age 4) temperament as well as the mediation of these effects by parenting styles, fathers and mothers who attended paediatric clinics in Kumamoto, Japan, with their child were distributed a set of questionnaires. Parental personality as measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory predicted the children’s temperament, which was assessed using the EASI Survey. Many of the associations between the two were found to be mediated by the parenting styles measured using the Parental Bonding Instrument, while some held direct association. Such interactions between parental personality, children’s temperament, and parenting styles may be specific to parental gender.
Personality, Temperament, Parenting Styles, Mediation, Gender Difference
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