Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Evaluation of Natural Radioactivity and Associated Radiological Hazards in Soil Samples from Sand Quarries in Basra Governorate, Iraq
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2015
Issue 5 (October)
Pages: 99-108   |   Vol. 2, No. 5, October 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 43   Since Sep. 23, 2015 Views: 2040   Since Sep. 23, 2015
Ali Farhan Nadir, Department of Physics, College of Education for Pure Science University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
Noori H. N. Al-Hashimi, Department of Physics, College of Education for Pure Science University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
Abdul Ridha H. Subber, Department of Physics, College of Education for Pure Science University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
Gamma ray spectra of natural radioactivity from 238U and 232Th series and from 40K are important to assess the potential hazard of radiation exposure. Activity concentrations of natural radionuclides in soil collected from sand quarries, were measured using a gamma ray spectrometer NaI(Tl). Specific activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in the studied soil samples raged from 0.86 Bq/kg to 17.8 Bq/kg, 0.4 Bq/kg to 18.5 Bq/kg and 102.3 Bq/kg to 855.6 Bq/kg respectively. The radium equivalent activity, hazard indices and the annual effective dose rate were calculated and compared with the internationally accepted limits. The annual effective dose rate in the quarries was found to be less than the upper recommended limit by international committees.
Soil, Quarries, Gamma Spectroscopy, Radium Equivalent, Hazard Indices
Najam Laith A., Tawfiq N F.. and Younis Shaher A., A Comparative Study of the Results of Natural Radioactivity and the Associated Radiation Hazards of Na(Tl) and HPGe Detectors, International Journal of Recent Research and Review, Vol. VIII, Issue2, 1-9, 2015.
Tawfiq Nada Fathil, Mansour Hazim Louis and Karim Mahmood Salim, Natural Radioactivity in Soil Samples For Selected Regions in Baghdad Governorate, International Journal of Recent Research and Review, Vol. VIII, Issue 1, 1-7, 2015.
Krishnamoorthy N, Mullainathan S., Mehra R., Marco A., Chaparro E. and Chaparro E., Evaluation of natural radioactivity and its associated health hazard indices of a south Indian river, Radiation Protection Dosimentry, 162(3), 364-374, 2014.
Hassan A. K., Subber A. R. and Shaltakh A. R., Measurement of Radon concentration in soil gas using RAD7 in the environs of Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf, Iraq, Pelagia research Library, Advances in Applied Science Research, 2(5), 273-278, 2011.
Najam Laith A and Younis Shaher A., Assessment of Natural Radioactivity Level in Soil Samples for Selected Regions in Nineveh Province (IRAQ), International Journal of Novel Research in Physics Chemistry & Mathematics 2(2), 1-9, 2015.
Najam Laith A., Younis Shaher A. and Kithah Fouzey H., Natural Radioactivity in Soil Samples in Nineveh Province and the Associated Radiation Hazards, International Journal of Physics, 3(3), 126-132, 2015.
El-Aydarous A., Gamma radioactivity levels and their corresponding external exposure of some soil samples from Taif Gevernorate, Saudi Arabia, Global Journal of Environmental Research, 1(2), 49-53, 2007.
Fares S., Yassene A.M, Ashour A., Abu-Assy M. K., Natural radioactivity and the resulting radiation doses in some kinds of commercially marble collected from different quarries and factories in Egypt, Natural Science, 3(10), 895-905, 2011.
Alaamer A. S, Measurement of Natural Radioactivity in sand samples collected from Ad-Dahna desert in Saudi Arabia, World Journal of nuclear Science and Technology, 2, 187-191, 2012.
Okedeyi A. S., Ghadebo A. M., Arowolo T. A., Mustapha A. O, Measurement of gamma radioactivity level in Bedrocks and soil of Quarry site in Agun State, Nigeria, Research Journal of Physics 6(2), 59-65, 2012.
Amrani D and Tahtat M, Natural radioactivity in Algerian building materials. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 54, 687-689, 2001.
P. Papachristodoulou, C. A. Assimakopoulos, P.A, Paronis N E., and K. G. Loannides, Use of HPGe γ-ray spectroscopy to assess the isotopic composition of uranium in soil., Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 64, 195-203. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 2003, 64, 195-203.
Aziz Ahmed Qureshi, Ishtiaq Ahmed Khan Jadoon, Ali Abbas Wajid, Ahsan Attique, Adil Masood, Muhammad Anees, Shahid Manzoor, Abdul Waheed and Aneela Tubassam, Study of natural radioactivity in Mansehra granite, Pakistan: environmental concerns, Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 158(4), 466–478, doi:10.1093/rpd/nct271 (2014).
UNSCEAR, United Nation scientific Committee on Effect of Atomic Radiation, VII (2008).
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved