Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Pattern of Primary Gastrointestinal Tract Cancer in a Tertiary Central Hospital in Sudan: A Prospective Study
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2014
Issue 4 (August)
Pages: 34-37   |   Vol. 1, No. 4, August 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 15   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1788   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Khalid Mahmoud, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
[2]
Abdelmagid Musaad, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Omdurman Islamic University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[3]
Awad Ali Mohamed Ahmed Alawad, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
Abstract
Background: Gastrointestinal malignancies have diverse patterns of distribution worldwide. In Africa, the gastrointestinal tract ranks as one of the common sites affected by cancer and few reports addressed this important issue. Objective: To determine the age, sex and relative frequencies of various gastrointestinal malignancies admitted from January 2011 till December 2013 in Ibn Sina hospital in Sudan. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at Ibn Sina hospital. All patients diagnosed with primary gastrointestinal cancers were included in the study. Results: Out of a total of 604 cases with primary gastrointestinal malignancies 371 (61.4%) were males, while the rest were females (38.6%). The mean age of the population was 58 years. Pancreatic cancer was the most common malignancy accounting for 30.7% of cases in males and 36% in females. Malignancies of liver, stomach and esophagus followed in decreasing frequencies. About 80% of the patients were above 40 years of age and the peak of onset for most of the tumors was above 60 years of age. Conclusion: This study highlights that pancreatic cancer is the most common gastrointestinal malignancy seen followed by hepatocellular carcinoma.
Keywords
Gastrointestinal Malignancies, Pancreatic Cancer, Colorectal Carcinoma, Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Reference
[1]
La Gamma N, Nandakumar G. The management of gastrointestinal tract malignancies. Hospital practice. 2013;41(2):7-15.
[2]
Dite P, Geryk E. Trends of primary and subsequent cancers of the gastrointestinal tract in the Czech population, 1976-2005. Digestive diseases. 2010;28(4-5):657-69.
[3]
Bane A, Ashenafi S, Kassa E. Pattern of upper gastrointestinal tumors at Tikur Anbessa Teaching Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a ten-year review. Ethiopian medical journal. 2009;47(1):33-8.
[4]
Al-Radi AO, Ayyub M, Al-Mashat FM, Barlas SM, Al-Hamdan NA, Ajarim DS, et al. Primary gastrointestinal cancers in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia. Is the pattern changing? Saudi medical journal. 2000;21(8):730-4.
[5]
Meshikhes AN. Pancreatic cancer in Saudi Arabia. Saudi medical journal. 2013;34(11):1199.
[6]
AlGhamdi HJ, Alfaifi SA, Alolayan AA, Musaad SM, Jazieh AM. Pancreatic cancer in Saudi patients treated at tertiary institution. Ten years retrospective study. Saudi medical journal. 2013;34(6):604-8.
[7]
Khalil KA, Salama OE, El Zeiny NA, El din Khalil S, Esmail NF. A study of pattern of gastrointestinal malignant neoplasms in the last decade (1987-1996) in Alexandria. The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association. 1999;74(5-6):503-27.
[8]
Lehman EM, Soliman AS, Ismail K, Hablas A, Seifeldin IA, Ramadan M, et al. Patterns of hepatocellular carcinoma incidence in Egypt from a population-based cancer registry. Hepatology research : the official journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology. 2008;38(5):465-73.
[9]
Parvez T, Gumgumji AA, Anwar MS, Al-Ahmadi SS. Awareness about causes of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) malignancies. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2004;14(2):98-101.
[10]
Omer RE, Bakker MI, van't Veer P, Hoogenboom RL, Polman TH, Alink GM, et al. Aflatoxin and liver cancer in Sudan. Nutrition and cancer. 1998;32(3):174-80.
[11]
Atoba MA, Olubuyide IO. Malignancies of upper gastrointestinal tract in Nigerians: early symptoms and prognosis. Tropical gastroenterology : official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation. 1989;10(1):29-32.
[12]
Brown A, Shaheen NJ. Screening for upper gastrointestinal tract malignancies. Seminars in oncology. 2004;31(4):487-97.
[13]
Awadelkarim KD, Mariani-Costantini R, Elwali NE. Cancer in the Sudan: an overview of the current status of knowledge on tumor patterns and risk factors. The Science of the total environment. 2012;423:214-28.
[14]
Agbakwuru EA, Fatusi AO, Ndububa DA, Alatise OI, Arigbabu OA, Akinola DO. Pattern and validity of clinical diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal diseases in south-west Nigeria. African health sciences. 2006;6(2):98-103.
[15]
Aderoju EA, Ene D, Abutalib H, Aboh I, Okonkwo TN. Pattern of gastrointestinal diseases in adult patients admitted to Samtah General Hospital, Gizan region, Saudi Arabia. Saudi journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association. 1999;5(2):76-80.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved