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Pattern of Primary Gastrointestinal Tract Cancer in a Tertiary Central Hospital in Sudan: A Prospective Study
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2014
Issue 4 (August)
Pages: 34-37   |   Vol. 1, No. 4, August 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 15   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1788   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Khalid Mahmoud, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
Abdelmagid Musaad, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Omdurman Islamic University, Khartoum, Sudan.
Awad Ali Mohamed Ahmed Alawad, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
Background: Gastrointestinal malignancies have diverse patterns of distribution worldwide. In Africa, the gastrointestinal tract ranks as one of the common sites affected by cancer and few reports addressed this important issue. Objective: To determine the age, sex and relative frequencies of various gastrointestinal malignancies admitted from January 2011 till December 2013 in Ibn Sina hospital in Sudan. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at Ibn Sina hospital. All patients diagnosed with primary gastrointestinal cancers were included in the study. Results: Out of a total of 604 cases with primary gastrointestinal malignancies 371 (61.4%) were males, while the rest were females (38.6%). The mean age of the population was 58 years. Pancreatic cancer was the most common malignancy accounting for 30.7% of cases in males and 36% in females. Malignancies of liver, stomach and esophagus followed in decreasing frequencies. About 80% of the patients were above 40 years of age and the peak of onset for most of the tumors was above 60 years of age. Conclusion: This study highlights that pancreatic cancer is the most common gastrointestinal malignancy seen followed by hepatocellular carcinoma.
Gastrointestinal Malignancies, Pancreatic Cancer, Colorectal Carcinoma, Hepatocellular Carcinoma
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