Critical Care Nurses’ Performance Regarding Prevention of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Selected Hospitals, Khartoum “Observation Study”
This study aimed to evaluate critical care nurse’s performance regarding VAP prevention in selected hospitals, Khartoum state, Sudan. It was a descriptive cross-sectional study, from December 20th, 2015 till February 15th, 2016 in intensive care units of Khartoum teaching hospital, Omdurman Military hospital and Al-Ribat University, teaching hospital at Khartoum State, Sudan. It consisted of 120 nurse who deal with patient mechanical ventilation. A non-probability, purposive sample selection was used. Data was collected from the direct observation chick list tool which consisted of two main parts, first is a socio-demographic characteristic of the nurse, and second is consisted of 20 items regarding nurses’ practice skills about VAP prevention. The data was analyzed by SPSS program for Windows V.20, which include a descriptive statistical analysis and inferential statistical analysis. The results revealed that; with regards to age, the majority of the participants age was between 23-30 years old, (71.7%) were female, according to qualifications (86.7%) had bachelor degree, and (47.6%) had less than 1 year of experience. The practice performance compliance of nurses about VAP prevention consisted of 20 items distributed on 4 preventive measures elements (infection control, ventilator care, endotracheal suction, and aspiration & colonization) the mean was (1.16 from 3), (2.83 from 5), (1.85 from 6), and (1.30 from 6) respectively, the overall mean of practice performance compliance of nurses about VAP prevention was (7.12 from 20), which is a poor result, showed that, the most of the nurses have un-adequate practice performance compliance about VAP prevention. Development of a protocol and continuous education program for all working nurses was recommended to improve the level of nursing practice in critical care units.
Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia, Nurses’ Performance, Critical Care, Nurses, Khartoum
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