Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Health and Safety Concerns: Quantitative Studies of Leaching of Metals from Glazed Surfaces of Traditional Ceramic Potteries
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2017
Issue 1 (February)
Pages: 13-19   |   Vol. 5, No. 1, February 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 34   Since Jun. 7, 2017 Views: 1552   Since Jun. 7, 2017
Authors
[1]
M. I. Ahmad, Central Laboratories Unit, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
[2]
Shereen Abdelfatah, Central Laboratories Unit, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
[3]
Saeed Al-Meer, Central Laboratories Unit, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
Abstract
Traditional ceramic wares have been known as a source of heavy metals poisoning. Traditional ceramic potteries may be improperly glazed, and the glaze used to make the pottery may contain over amounts of heavy metals. These over glazed ceramic wares can release deadly metal into foodstuff and constitute health hazards. In this work, Quantitative studies were done according to ASTM C 738.81 (1982) leaching standard test methods for the determination of trace amount of selected metals from glazed surfaces of traditional ceramic potteries by 4% acetic and 2% citric acid standard solutions at different temperatures. Finally, leaching potential has been done using ICP-MS analysis. The capacity of each ceramic tableware sample ranged between 250 and 350ml. The ceramic wares selected randomly from products available in the local markets at Doha (Qatar), Cairo (Egypt) and Gharyan (Libya).
Keywords
Heavy Metals, Traditional Ceramic Potteries, Acetic Acid, Citric Acid, ICP-MS
Reference
[1]
BELGIAD, J. E., (2003): “Release of heavy metals from Tunisian traditional ceramic ware. Food and Chemical Toxicology” 41, pp. 95-98.
[2]
Valadez-Vega, C.; Zuniga-Perez, C.; Quintanar-Gomez, S.; Morales-Gonzalez, J. A.; Madrigal-Santillan, E.; Villagomez-Ibarra, J. R.; Sumaya-Martinez, M. T.; Garcia-Paredes, J. D. Lead, cadmium and cobalt (Pb, Cd, and Co) leaching of glass-clay containers by pH effect of food. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 2336-2350.
[3]
González de Mejía and Craigmill, (1996): “Transfer of lead from lead- glazed ceramics to food” Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 31: 581 584.
[4]
Rhodes, D., 1973. Clay and Glazes for the Potter. Chilton Book, Radnor, PA 47. OECD, 1994. Workshop on Lead products—Session C: Ceramic Ware. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Toronto, Canada, pp. 16–19.
[5]
Anonymous. A Modern Story of the World’s Most Ancient Art. Limoges China Co., Sebring, OH, ca. 1930, p.
[6]
J. Cunningham, The Collector’s Encyclopedia of American Dinnerware. Collector Books, Paducah, KY, 1982.
[7]
N. W. Colbert, The Collector’s Guide to Harker USA Pottery. Collector Books, Paducah, KY, 1993.
[8]
G. H. Stapleford, The manufacture of ceramic decalcomania. Bull. Am. Ceram. Sot., 15 (1936) 383-391.
[9]
Geller, R. F., Creamer, A. S., (1939): “Solubility of colored glazes in organic acids” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 22, 133–140.
[10]
Sheets, R. W., (1997): “Extraction of lead, cadmium and zinc from overglaze decorations on ceramic dinnerware by acidic and basic food substances” Sci. Total Environ. 197, 167–175.
[11]
Sheets, R. W., Turpen, S. L., Hill, P., (1996): “Effect of microwave heating on leaching of lead from old ceramic dinnerware” Sci. Total Environ. 182, 187–191.
[12]
Somogyi, A., Szalóki, I., Braun, M., (1999): “Investigation of lead transport effect from glazed pottery to liquid medium by EDXRF and ICP-AES methods” J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 14, 479–482.
[13]
SHEETS, R. W., (1997): “Extraction of lead, cadmium and zinc from over glaze decorations on ceramic dinnerware by acidic and basic food substances”, The Science of the Total Environment 197, pp. 167-175.
[14]
Dayan, A. and A. Paine, (2001): “Mechanisms of chromium toxicity, carcinogenicity and allergenicity: review of the literature from 1985 to 2000”. Human & Experimental Toxicology, 2001. 20(9): p. 439-451.
[15]
Domingo, J. L., Vanadium: a review of the reproductive and developmental toxicity. Reproductive Toxicology, 1996. 10(3): p. 175-182.
[16]
Exley, C., Charles, L. M., Barr, L., Martin, C., Polwart, A., Darbre, P. D., 2007. Aluminum in human breast tissue. J. Inorg. Biochem. 101 (9), 1344–1346.
[17]
Fosmire, G. J., (1990): “Zinc toxicity” Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 51 (2), 225–227.
[18]
Kesteloot, H., Roelandt, J., Willems, J., Claes, J. H., Joossens, J. V., 1968. An enquiry into the role of cobalt in the heart disease of chronic beer drinkers. Circulation 37, 854–864.
[19]
Krinitz, B., Hering, R., 1971. Toxic metals in earthenware. FDA Papers 5 (3), 21–24.
[20]
Nordberg, G. F., Fowler, B. A., Nordberg, M., Freiberg, L., 2007. Handbook on the Toxicology Of Metals, third ed. Academic Press, Burlington (MA).
[21]
Pier, S. M., 1975. The role of heavy metals in human health. Tex. Rep. Biol. Med. 33 (1), 85–106.
[22]
Santamaria, A. B., 2008. Manganese exposure, essentiality and toxicity. Ind. J. Med. Res. 128 (4), 484–500.
[23]
Sheets, R. W., 1998. Release of heavy metals from European and Asian porcelain dinnerware. Sci. Total Environ. 212, 107–113.
[24]
Sundar, S., Chakravarty, J., 2010. Antimony toxicity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7 (12), 4267–4277.
[25]
M. Demont, K. Boutakhrit, V. Fekete, F. Bolle, J. Van Loco, (2012): “Migration of 18 trace elements from ceramic food contact material: Influence of pigment, pH, nature of acid and temperature”, Food and Chemical Toxicology 50, 734–743.
[26]
World Health Organization (WHO), (1976): “Ceramic Food ware Safety” Report of a WHO Meeting, Geneva.
[27]
The council of the European Communities, (1984): “Directive 84/500/EEC”, Official Journal of the European Union L 277, 0012–0016.
[28]
The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union, (2004): “Regulation 1935/2004”, Official Journal of the European Union. L 338/4.
[29]
WHO/FAO/IAEA. World Health Organization. Switzerland: Geneva; 1996. Trace Elements in Human Nutrition and Health.
[30]
Khare H. N., Patel U. P. and Patel H., (2014): “ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND THEIR EFFECTS ON HUMAN HEALTH” Golden Research Thoughts, Volume 4, Issue 6.
[31]
Sue YJ. Mercury (2015): In: Hoffman RS, Howland MA, Lewin NA, Nelson LS, Goldfrank LR, eds. “Goldfrank’s Toxicologic Emergencies” 10th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. 1334-1344.
[32]
Chang LW, Magos L, Suzuki T, editors. Toxicology of Metals. Boca Raton. FL, USA: CRC Press; 1996.
[33]
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), ASTM C 738.81 (ASTM 1982).
[34]
Wallace, D. M., Kalman, D. A., Bird, T. D. 1985. Hazardous lead release from glazed dinnerware: A cautionary” note. Sci. Total Environ., 44: 289 292.
[35]
Mohamed, N.; Chin, Y. M.; Pok, F. W. (1995): “Leaching of lead from local ceramic Tableware” Food Chemistry, 54, 245-249.
[36]
Gosselin, R. E., Smith, R. P., Hodge, H. C., 1984. Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products, fifth ed. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore. Harvard Medical School, 1992. Lead poisoning, not just for kids. Harvard Health Letters 1, 6–8.
[37]
Nriagu, J. O., 1988. A silent epidemic of environmental metal poisoning? Environmental Pollution 50, 139–161.
[38]
Bergdhal, I. A., Grubb, A., Schu¨tz, A., Desnick, R. J., Wetmur, J. G., Sassa, S., Skerfving, S., 1997. Lead binding to d-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) in human erythrocytes. Pharmacology and Toxicology 81, 153–158.
[39]
Harvard Medical School, 1992. Lead poisoning, not just for kids. Harvard Health Letters 1, 6.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved