Influence of Nutrition on Blood Parameters of Pigs
An overview of effects of nutrition on haematology of pigs has been presented in this paper. Pig production remains one of the veritable sources of supply of animal protein. The importance of nutrition in pig production cannot be overemphasized and meeting the nutrient requirement of livestock is a major concern to nutritionist. Most pig farmers are ignorant about the nutrient requirements of pigs and how feed ingredients can be manipulated to satisfy these requirements and thus, feed their animals with various feed products without recourse to the health and physiological implications for the animals. Although, nutritional status of an animal is independent of dietary intake and effectiveness of metabolic processes, feed quality is particularly a major factor that ensures the success or failure of pig production. Diets have been established to have measurable effects on blood components and the latter in turn are widely used in nutritional evaluation and survey of animals. Systemic effects of anti-nutrients could be detected through examination of blood. Haematological values could serve as baseline information for comparison in conditions of nutrient deficiency, physiology and health status of farm animals. Several reports by different researchers have revealed that different diets fed to pigs had diverse effects; either positive or negative effects on haematological indices of pigs. Balancing of protein, energy, vitamins and all nutritionally important minerals in diet is needed as well as water to make a successful nutrition program that is both productive and economical and that can also enhance the health and physiology of farm animals.
Influence, Nutrition, Blood Parameters, Pigs
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